The liner does two things. 1)It allows urine to pass through, but as it is non absorbent, it cannot return, thus keeping baby's bottom a bit drier. 2)It catches any poo, and the whole thing is then easy to dispose of either in the bin or if a fleece liner sluiced in the toilet.
While a baby is breastfed and before it is weaned, any poo will not normally smell offensive but, equally, it will be very runny.
Disposable Nappy Liners The best disposable liners for preweaned babies are the Bambinex liners or Ultra liners. These are lovely thick liners so catch more of the liquid poo. If little one has a very explosive bottom the liner may well not catch all of this, although if you have a good nappy and wrap you should not get staining onto clothes. Even if you do get leaks, bear in mind that disposables often leak runny poo at this age as well, stories of disposables and poo up to babies neck are very frequent. Once your baby is weaned, the liner will be much more effective at catching ALL the poo. In the meantime, if you have chosen your nappy well, your nappy should catch anything the liner misses, so you may just have to rinse your nappies in the early days.
Many people continue to use Bambinex and Ultra liners all the way through their nappy time. The bambinex liner is especially good for birth to potty all in one/pocket nappies as it's narrower than others so fits inside the nappies perfectly. If you do find you need a wider liner when baby is older try the Supersoft Mioliners as they are wider but also slightly stretchy so can be shaped to fit the nappy.
Disposable liners biodegrade much slower than toilet roll so if you have any concerns over your drains or just want to avoid problems you should not flush liners. Wet only liners can go into your compost bit if you have one or even your paper recycling bin (WET ONLY!!!) This will dramatically cut how many liners potentially go down the drain if you choose to flush or into your rubbish bin. Please refer to the packaging of your liners to see if they are recommended for flushing or not, most do not recommend flushing. Personally I was a liner flusher when I used disposable liners and took the risk but officially we do not recommend flushing them.
You will find good quality disposable liners are very strong, and do not tear or split, however wet or full they are. However, if your main reason for using real nappies is the cost, then you might want to look at washable liners, to save on the (approx) £5 a month cost of disposable ones.
Washable/Reusable Nappy Liners Washable liners come in a number of materials: fleece, polyester and silk being the most common. I am a big fan of fleece liners. There is no right or wrong way up with either a fleece or a paper liner. However, the polyester ones are often slightly "furry" on one side, and this goes face down into the nappy to stop the liner sliding around; on the other side, they are shiny and non absorbent, which goes face up and so is an effective stay dry layer.
How to Sluice a reusable liner Undoubtedly, however, a squidgy poo is slightly more of a pain to deal with if you have washable rather than disposable liners, but that is only so if the disposable liner in fact caught all of the poo. When you have a pooey fleece nappy liner you should sluice it in the toilet to remove the poo before storing it in your nappy bucket. What this means is you hold one end of the liner where it's not pooey, flush the toilet holding onto the fleece liner firmly. The power of the clean water from flushing the toilet should remove most of the poo. The liner then is stored in your nappy bucket until wash day. While baby is very young and just on breast milk some parents don't bother with sluicing pooey liners at all and just let their washing machine deal with them. If you do this you must ensure you do a rinse and prewash cycle before your main wash. For some people this is a stage to far and they don't like the idea of poo in their washing machines, that's fine either keep sluicing or stick with disposable liners until baby is weaned.
Washable liners do keep baby amazingly dry, and are a very good idea if your baby is subject to repeated rashing (assuming you have ruled out other causes of this). (Raw) Silk is the most gentle of these fibres, and is particularly suitable for babies who suffer from eczema. However, it does have a bit of a funny smell when wet, which some people do not like, and others do not even notice. Silk liners should be hand washed. Out of all the reusable fleece liners the motherease staydry liners are the very driest you will find. They are made of the same material Motherease use in their wizard duo, uno and sandys trim nappies, they aren't cheap but they are amazing quality.
Let me tell you a bit about the event which converted me to fleece liners, having always been pretty sceptical when others raved about them: I flew to Orkney with my first son, and he did not do his usual morning poo before we left (normally as regular as clockwork), so we had it hanging over us like the Sword of Damocles all morning. At Gatwick, I changed him again, in case he had sneakily done it en route - no poo. By the time we got to Aberdeen, he finally decided to perform, at which point I realised I had used my only spare nappy and the rest were on the plane. The nappy itself had plenty more capacity for wee - the only problem was the dirty liner. However, luckily I had put on a fleece liner rather than a flushable one. I say 'luckily' because fleece was large enough to cover the whole nappy so none had got onto the nappy itself, as he was weaned it caught all the solids and i was able to sluice it in the toilet to remove the poo, then i could wash it in the sink and then quickly dried it in the hand dryer. The fleece liner went back into the nappy and we were on our way again. I would normally change the whole nappy after a poo but in this case we reused the nappy and were good to go.
Once your baby gets to the wriggly stage, if you find the liner is moving try the following to counter this. When you have fastened the nappy - feel inside to straighten out the liner as much as possible before putting on the cover. Very often, it shifts as part of the process of being put on, rather than through later wriggling - but once it is no longer in place, wriggling will make its position worse.